Fall is coming which means any student’s lethal enemy is coming: cold. Consisting of sniffing nose, annoying coughs, and dry throat, cold brings potent effects that students just love to hate. Now I have seen my friends taking pills, baths, and other therapy treatments to avoid this enemy. But to me, I have my own strategy to fight against the cold: milk tea. It seems awkward that I woud drink milk tea to avoid cold; on the other hand, it might not seem so weird afterall to drink milk tea since milk tea is tea which means it would bring warmth to my body.

Well, I do not know how milk tea would help my immune system biologically but one thing I am definitely sure is that I am starting to drink less cold food as my interest shifts towards milk tea. Thus, I  wanted to show my devotion towards milk tea by introducing it.

According to Stash, the Dutch were the one of the first Europeans to enjoy tea; by 1675, more tea were imported in Europe and more people were able to enjoy tea. However, it was not until 1680 that the idea of adding milk to tea was established. A social critic Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, the Marquise de Seven was one of the first people to for the idea of adding milk to tea. Since then, various types of milk tea began to be introduced as Britain colonized Hong Kong and other parts of the world. For example as shown in Tea-or-Chocolate, there is a milk tea called Hong Kong style milk tea, or Dai-pai-dong milk tea. Ingredients in this tea include black tea, evaporated milk, and sugar. Another name for this milk tea is pantyhose milk tea because the tea bag looks like a silk stocking. Although foreigners do not like this tea very much, many Chinese see this Hong Kong milk tea in high regard due to its smoothness.

In addition, I read an article from CNN that a new type of milk tea called tapioca milk tea was popular in California. This tea is just an ordinary milk tea except that they add black balls called tapioca. As the demand for tapioca tea rose, many shops in LA and in the Bay Area began to serve tapioca teas.

However, I read some articles that reported that adding milk to tea is not good for our health. Articles from websites such as BBC reported that adding milk to tea would destroy its ability to block heart disease. Yet, I also read some other articles that disproved this find. A group of Scottish researchers found that adding milk to tea did not decrease the amount of antidoxidants in blood level (Webmd).

I also have noticed that there was also the danger of melamine in milk tea (ABC news). However, I only drink homemad milk tea, so I guess I am safely out of the danger.

In short, I would like to end this blog with this quote from Tea-Or-Chocolate written by William Gladstone:

If you are cold, tea will warm you;
If you are too heated, it will cool you;
If you are depressed, it will cheer you;
If you are exhausted, it will calm you.

May tea be with you 🙂

Milk tea-yum!

Milk tea-yum!

(http://www.insidemotherhood.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/hk-milktea.jpg)

The three contact points that initiate change within Korean community are: education, motorcycles, and entertainment. 

 

Education is arguably the contact point that brings most changes to Korean community. These days we see many Korean students studying abroad in America. Obsession with Ivy League schools is one of the evidence that proves Korean trend for studying in America. Also, many American standardized tests like SAT, TOEFL, TOEIC, and ACT are taken by Korean students and employees according to Joongang Daily. Thus, we see more students studying English at hakwons. In fact, so many Koreans want to study in America and to master English that many Korean universities and education institutions use English as their “normal” language. These days, it is not hard to find a professor in Korea lecturing in English (Korean Herald). As a result, we get physical and ideological diasporas from emphasis on American education (Joongang Daily).

  

 Another interesting change agent is motorcycles. Recently more Koreans are riding motorcycles; it is not just Korean men and workers who are riding these motorcycles. Even women and even old men are using the “vehicle.” With surge of people riding motorcycles, many American motorcycle brands such as Harley-Davidson are imported in Korea. Of course there are many Japanese brands in Korea as well but many Koreans favor American brands because those brands have characteristics such as engine noise that Japanese brands do not have. Although this agent change will not bring much impact as education does, still American motorcycles are attracting enough number of Koreans to bring more westernization to Korea according to an article from Joongang Daily. After all, Korean motorcycles will not have much prominence in Korea any more.

It is surprising how LOUD and NOISY Harley Davidson is...which is why so many Koreans are attracted to the brand

It is surprising how LOUD and NOISY Harley Davidson is...which is why so many Koreans are attracted to the brand

 

The last change agent is entertainment. At most times, many American movies such as The Dark Knight, Iron Man, and Mamma Mia are more popular in Korea than Korean movies. We often see these American movies ranked higher than Korean movies. Also, American dramas such as The Prison Break, Gossip Girls, and Grey’s Anatomy are attracting large number of Korean fans. Recently, I saw Korean cable programs broadcasting these dramas according to Joongang Daily. Again this is another change agent because as time pass and more Koreas are starting to favor American dramas, Korean television programs will be filled with American dramas and eventually Korean TV programs will look much like American programs. In addition, inclination towards American dramas will cause Koreans to adopt American culture and ideologies.

 

 

1. What is the meaning of the phrase “Things Fall Apart” within Yeats’ poem?

The phrase “Things Fall Apart” signifies the collapse of order and human civliazations after World War I as shown in line 2 and 3 of the first stanza. It also points out to the breakdown of the bond between the center(perhaps the government) and people. As the center cannot maintain itself, the outer edge goes out of control. In other words, the world is becoming orderless. In the first stanza of “The Second Coming” from Mr. Jones’s Blog  as shown below

Turning and turning in the widening gyre (1)
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
things fall apart; the center cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity.

Line 4 illustrates what the phrase “things fall apart” would look like in the world in which anarchy would be prevalent in the world. Thus, another meaning of the phrase “Things Fall Apart” would be the spread of anarchy such as  the spread of fascism and communism in the world after World War I.

2. What does the Second Coming refer to in general?

According to Mr. Jones’s Blog, the Second Coming refers to the biblical story in which the Jesus will come back on Doomsday and at the same time, a monster that has been sleeping for centuries will wake up, unleashing calamity in the world. On Doomsday, Jesus will come back to fulfill his promises and prophecies. We can infer this from the following quote:

“At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory” (Matthew 24:30)

 

According to All About God.com, the Second Coming is one of the most important elements of the Bible. Questioning the Second Coming may refer to as questioning the validity of the Bible and words of Jesus. However, most importantly, the Second Coming might exist to relieve people. Jesus is coming back when the human civilization is in utmost need of “the Righteous King” according to this website. This is because when the monster wakes up and unleashes great chaos, Jesus will come back and supposedly restore order in the world.

3. What does the Second Coming refer to in Yeats’ poem?
By looking at the poem in Mr. Jones’s Blog, The Second Coming in Yeats’ poem refers to two things: the coming of new age and calamity before the arrival of new order. In Yeat’s poem, the coming of Jesus may refer to the coming of new age and restoration of order since in the Second Coming(story) Jesus will restore order at the time of great chaos. Also we can infer this from Yeats’ reference to the Sphinx as noted by the following excerpt:

 shape with lion body and the head of a man,
 A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,

Sphinx, representing old civilization, would give way for a new age of human society. However, as the new age is coming calamity is also established as noted by the rough best of the Second Coming. In this poem, the rought best refers to the destruction resulted by World War I and the rise of fascists.

I also believe that the Second Coming refers to the purpose of the poem. The Second Coming itself is a prophetic story, Yeats might have used this to hint the readers that the poem itself would be a prophecy.

 

4. As you read Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, note how the novel both takes up and changes Yeats’ version of the Second Coming. Who or what in the novel represents a “rough beast” that “slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?”

From Things Fall Apart, Two different groups of people come up to my mind as I think of a person or a thing that represents a “rough beast” that “slouches towards Bethlehem to be born.” First, Eupreans who came to Afirca to colonize the area would represent the beast. They unleash calamity as they affect the collapse of the central authorities of Ibo people. Although they started a new age for the Ibo people by bringing new technology, trading posts, education, institutions, and beliefs, at the same time Europeans brought chaos. They denounced the sanctity of African religion systems, authorities, and traditions. In addition, due to their influence, kinspeople are falling apart as some became supporters of Europeans while others became the adversaries of the foreigners. Therefore, Europeans can represent the beast as they cut the heritage of Ibo people, bringing the “gyre” as mentioned in the Yeat’s Second Coming.

Another group of people is osu people. Although they can be related to Europeans, I believe they can represent the beast by allowing the Europeans to expand their power and shrink their clan’s influence. The clan can not attack another group if any of the kinspeople are there since it is forbidden for the clanspeople to shed the blood of their own people. When osu went to the Europeans, the osu revealed the biggest weakness of the clan because it meant that clans people cannot do any big harm for these Europeans. It is like a person unable to get rid of a pest in his/her body because the pest resides near an important body organ. As a result, the osu people brought diaspora to the Ibo clan as one big group of the clas sided with Europeans, which allowed Europeans to further undermine African hertiage.

 

Yeats the author of The Second Coming

Yeats the author of The Second Coming